Zur Graduierung von Rückenschmerzen.

Translated title of the contribution: Grading of backache

T. Kohlmann, H. H. Raspe

22 Citations (Scopus)


Back pain is occurring in a broad spectrum of severity; therefore, a grading procedure which is derived from a sound conceptual basis and can be easily applied is of crucial importance in clinical research and in epidemiologic studies. Following a grading procedure which has been developed in epidemiologic studies in the U.S., a hierarchical model for grading is proposed. This comprises pain intensity and functional limitation as basic criteria as well as aspects of time, pain-related cognitions/emotions and concomitant complaints. An application of a simple grading procedure is used to illustrate the predictive utility of the proposed model.

Translated title of the contributionGrading of backache
Original languageGerman
JournalTherapeutische Umschau. Revue thérapeutique
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)375-380
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 06.1994


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