Workplace smoking restrictions: Smoking behavior and the intention to change among continuing smokers

Jeannette Rüge, Anja Broda, Sabina Ulbricht, Gudrun Klein, Hans Jürgen Rumpf, Ulrich John, Christian Meyer*

*Corresponding author for this work
7 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: In this study, the association between three levels of workplace smoking restrictions and smoking behavior and variables related to the intention to quit among continuing smokers was examined. Methods: Adult smokers were recruited from consecutive patients attending a random sample of 34 general medical practices from a pre-defined, north-eastern German region. Self-reported data were gathered in the waiting room by questionnaire. Cross-sectional data of 1,012 employees were analyzed using ordered logistic regression analyses. Results: Among the sample, 12% reported a smoke-free workplace, 51% had partial, and 37% no smoking restrictions. Daily cigarette consumption was lower when there were higher levels of restriction. No association was found between smoking restrictions and previous attempts to quit, nicotine dependence, or indicators of adjusted inhalation to compensate for the lower number of cigarettes (e.g. puffs per cigarette, darker coloring of filter). Smoking restrictions were positively associated with single psychological measures related to the intention to quit. Conclusion: Employees who continue to smoke may benefit from workplace smoking restrictions in terms of reduced, active smoke exposure and psychological effects increasing their readiness to quit.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)599-608
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 12.2010

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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