Due to the chemoresistance of renal cell cancer, cytokine-based therapeutic approaches were considered the standard treatment for patients with metastatic disease. At present, data that are available from a few phase II/III studies, dealing both with the first- and second-line treatment of patients suffering from systemic progression of RCC, indicate the significantly higher clinical efficacy of multikinase inhibitors when compared with cytokine-based therapeutic regimens. In this context, sorafenib (Nexavar, BAY 43-9006) and sunitinib (Sutent, SU 011248) are the most frequently applied and most intensively investigated substances. In Germany, with regard to a phase III study reported at the ASCO congress in 2006, sunitinib received approval for the first-line therapy of metastatic RCC. The application of multikinase inhibitors follows the principle of targeting such mediators that are considered to be substantially involved in the pathogenesis and particularly progression of renal cell cancer within relatively well-defined molecular pathways. The aim of the present paper is to address and to critically discuss the clinical data that are currently available regarding the therapeutic efficacy of kinase inhibitors during the treatment of metastatic RCC.
|Translated title of the contribution||Efficacy of multikinase inhibitors in the treatment of advanced renal cell cancer. A snapshot|
|Journal||Urologe - Ausgabe A|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 05.2007|
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)