Widespread Proprioceptive Acuity Impairment in Chronic Back Pain: A Cross-sectional Study

Matthias Poesl, Gabriela F. Carvalho, Waclaw M. Adamczyk, Beate Schüßler, Michael Richter, Kerstin Luedtke, Tibor M. Szikszay*

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

Objective: To investigate whether proprioceptive accuracy measured with the Joint Position Sense (JPS) in patients with chronic neck and low back pain is impaired exclusively in affected areas or also in distant areas, not affected by pain. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Interdisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation clinic for back and neck pain. Participants: Patients with chronic neck pain (n=30), patients with chronic low back pain (n=30), and age- and sex-matched asymptomatic control subjects (n=30; N=90). Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Patients and asymptomatic control subjects completed a test procedure for the JPS of the cervical spine, lumbar spine, and ankle in a randomized order. Between group differences were analyzed with the univariate analysis of variance and associations of the JPS with clinical features using the Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: Both patients with chronic neck pain (P<.001) and patients with chronic low back pain (P<.01) differed significantly from asymptomatic controls in the JPS of the cervical spine, lumbar spine and ankle joint, regardless of the painful area. No difference was shown between patient groups (P>.05). An association of the JPS with clinical characteristics, however, could not be shown. Conclusion: These results suggest widespread impairment of proprioceptive accuracy in patients with chronic and low back pain and a role for central sensorimotor processes in musculoskeletal pain conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume104
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1439-1446
Number of pages8
ISSN0003-9993
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Health Sciences

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-01 Epidemiology, Medical Biometrics/Statistics
  • 205-27 Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Reconstructive Surgery

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