White-brown adipose tissue interplay in polycystic ovary syndrome: Therapeutic avenues

Khadijeh Abbasi, Reza Zarezadeh, Amir Valizadeh, Amir Mehdizadeh, Hamed Hamishehkar, Mohammad Nouri*, Masoud Darabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

This study highlights the therapeutic potential of activating brown adipose tissue (BAT) for managing polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a prevalent endocrine disorder associated with metabolic and reproductive abnormalities. BAT plays a crucial role in regulating energy expenditure and systemic insulin sensitivity, making it an attractive target for the treatment of obesity and metabolic diseases. Recent research suggests that impaired BAT function and mass may contribute to the link between metabolic disturbances and reproductive issues in PCOS. Additionally, abnormal white adipose tissue (WAT) can exacerbate these conditions by releasing adipokines and nonesterified fatty acids. In this review, we explored the impact of WAT changes on BAT function in PCOS and discussed the potential of BAT activation as a therapeutic strategy to improve PCOS symptoms. We propose that BAT activation holds promise for managing PCOS; however, further research is needed to confirm its efficacy and to develop clinically feasible methods for BAT activation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116012
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume220
Pages (from-to)116012
ISSN0006-2952
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02.2024

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
  • Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-14 Haematology, Oncology
  • 205-21 Gynaecology and Obstetrics

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