When sex meets syntactic gender on a neural basis during pronoun processing

Anke Hammer*, Rainer Goebel, Jens Schwarzbach, Thomas F. Münte, Bernadette M. Jansma

*Corresponding author for this work
13 Citations (Scopus)


We used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (erfMRI) to investigate the neural basis of biological and syntactic gender integration during pronoun processing in German sentences about persons or things. German allows for separating both processes experimentally. Overall, syntactic processing activated areas adjacent to Broca's area (BA 44), whereas processing of the biological sex, in addition, involved the supramarginal gyrus (BA 39). A previously reported event-related potential study using identical material suggests that syntactic and semantic information is integrated 400-700 ms after target onset, visible in both cases as a P600 but with different effect sizes. The fMRI and ERP results illuminate that pronoun processing involves a highly dynamic spatiotemporal integration of syntactic and biological information depending on the type of the antecedent and whether or not a violation is involved. The results are discussed in the context of cognitive models of pronoun processing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)185-198
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 18.05.2007

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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