WDR45 mutations may cause a MECP2 mutation-negative Rett syndrome phenotype

Leonora Kulikovskaja, Adrijan Sarajlija, Dusanka Savic-Pavicevic, Valerija Dobricic, Christine Klein*, Ana Westenberger

*Corresponding author for this work
2 Citations (Scopus)


Mutations in the autophagy-related WD domain repeat 45 (WDR45) gene cause beta-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration (BPAN), a distinct form of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA).1,2 Clinical and imaging features comprise childhood-onset global developmental delay with further regression in early adulthood, progressive dystonia, parkinsonism, stereotypies, and iron deposition in the basal ganglia. Female and the few existing male patients show similar phenotypes, probably because of somatic mosaicism in males and skewed X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) in females, as WDR45 is located on Xp11.23. To date, about 60 cases have been reported, many of whom had a different initial clinical diagnosis.3 Hyperkinetic movements and stereotypies overlap with Rett syndrome features, another X-linked disorder most commonly caused by MECP2 mutations. Indeed, for 7% of the reported cases of BPAN, the initial diagnosis was Rett syndrome,3 prompting us to perform the first mutational screen of the WDR45 gene in a large cohort of MECP2 mutation-negative Rett syndrome patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere227
JournalNeurology: Genetics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01.04.2018

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Medical Genetics


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