Background: Tuberculosis (TB), especially drug-resistant TB, is a global public health problem. This study aimed to validate a new molecular diagnostic test, the FluoroType® MTBDR. Method: Samples underwent routine diagnostic procedures (fluorescence microscopy, culture, species differentiation and phenotypic drug susceptibility testing). Left over samples stored at −20° underwent DNA extraction using the Fluorolyse® kit, followed by FluoroType® MTBDR and Genotype MTBDRplus testing. Results: A total of 350 respiratory and 59 lymph node samples were included in the study; 71 respiratory and 16 lymph node samples were culture positive for M. tuberculosis complex (MTBC). The sensitivity of the FluoroType® MTBDR to detect MTBC DNA was 91.4% (95%CI 82.3–96.8%), 68.4% (95%CI 43.4–87.4%) and 62.5%, (95%CI 35.4–84.8%) for respiratory, smear negative respiratory and lymph node samples respectively. The correlating sensitivities of the GenoType MTBDRplus were 85.9% (95%CI 75.6–93.0%), 52.6% (95%CI 28.9–75.6%) and 56.3% (29.9–80.2). Sensitivity of the FluoroType® MTBDR to detect RMP and INH resistance for respiratory samples was 96.5% (95%CI 82.2–99.9) and 70% (95%CI 45.7–88.1), respectively. The GenoType MTBDRplus revealed sensitivities of 97.1% (95% 85.1–99.9) 70.6% (95%CI 52.5–84.9) for detection of RMP and INH resistance. Indeterminate results were 13/64 (20.3%), 23/64 (35.9%) and 16/64 (25.0%) for rpoB, katG and inhA using the FluoroType® MTBDR. Conclusion: The FluoroType® MTBDR has a high sensitivity to detect MTBC DNA. However, the high proportion of indeterminate results across all three genes needs to be addressed.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)