Using Machine Learning and Routing Protocols for Optimizing Distributed SPARQL Queries in Collaboration

Benjamin Warnke, Stefan Fischer, Sven Groppe*

*Corresponding author for this work


Due to increasing digitization, the amount of data in the Internet of Things (IoT) is constantly increasing. In order to be able to process queries efficiently, strategies must, therefore, be found to reduce the transmitted data as much as possible. SPARQL is particularly well-suited to the IoT environment because it can handle various data structures. Due to the flexibility of data structures, however, more data have to be joined again during processing. Therefore, a good join order is crucial as it significantly impacts the number of intermediate results. However, computing the best linking order is an NP-hard problem because the total number of possible linking orders increases exponentially with the number of inputs to be combined. In addition, there are different definitions of optimal join orders. Machine learning uses stochastic methods to achieve good results even with complex problems quickly. Other DBMSs also consider reducing network traffic but neglect the network topology. Network topology is crucial in IoT as devices are not evenly distributed. Therefore, we present new techniques for collaboration between routing, application, and machine learning. Our approach, which pushes the operators as close as possible to the data source, minimizes the produced network traffic by 10%. Additionally, the model can reduce the number of intermediate results by a factor of 100 in comparison to other state-of-the-art approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number210
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Intelligent Systems
  • Centers: Center for Artificial Intelligence Luebeck (ZKIL)

Cite this