Updated S2 K guidelines for the management of bullous pemphigoid initiated by the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV)

L. Borradori*, N. Van Beek, C. Feliciani, B. Tedbirt, E. Antiga, R. Bergman, B. C. Böckle, M. Caproni, F. Caux, N. S. Chandran, G. Cianchini, M. Daneshpazhooh, D. De, D. Didona, G. M. Di Zenzo, M. Dmochowski, K. Drenovska, J. Ehrchen, M. Goebeler, R. GrovesC. Günther, B. Horvath, M. Hertl, S. Hofmann, D. Ioannides, B. Itzlinger-Monshi, J. Jedličková, C. Kowalewski, K. Kridin, Y. L. Lim, B. Marinovic, A. V. Marzano, J. M. Mascaro, J. M. Meijer, D. Murrell, K. Patsatsi, C. Pincelli, C. Prost, K. Rappersberger, M. Sárdy, J. Setterfield, M. Shahid, E. Sprecher, K. Tasanen, S. Uzun, S. Vassileva, K. Vestergaard, A. Vorobyev, I. Vujic, G. Wang, K. Wozniak, S. Yayli, G. Zambruno, D. Zillikens, E. Schmidt, P. Joly*

*Corresponding author for this work
52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is the most common autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. This disease typically affects the elderly and presents with itch and localized or, most frequently, generalized bullous lesions. A subset of patients only develops excoriations, prurigo-like lesions, and eczematous and/or urticarial erythematous lesions. The disease, which is significantly associated with neurological disorders, has high morbidity and severely impacts the quality of life. Objectives and methodology: The Autoimmune blistering diseases Task Force of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology sought to update the guidelines for the management of BP based on new clinical information, and new evidence on diagnostic tools and interventions. The recommendations are either evidence-based or rely on expert opinion. The degree of consent among all task force members was included. Results: Treatment depends on the severity of BP and patients' comorbidities. High-potency topical corticosteroids are recommended as the mainstay of treatment whenever possible. Oral prednisone at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg/day is a recommended alternative. In case of contraindications or resistance to corticosteroids, immunosuppressive therapies, such as methotrexate, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil or mycophenolate acid, may be recommended. The use of doxycycline and dapsone is controversial. They may be recommended, in particular, in patients with contraindications to oral corticosteroids. B-cell-depleting therapy and intravenous immunoglobulins may be considered in treatment-resistant cases. Omalizumab and dupilumab have recently shown promising results. The final version of the guideline was consented to by several patient organizations. Conclusions: The guidelines for the management of BP were updated. They summarize evidence- and expert-based recommendations useful in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume36
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1689-1704
Number of pages16
ISSN0926-9959
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10.2022

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)
  • Centers: Center for Research on Inflammation of the Skin (CRIS)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 204-05 Immunology
  • 205-19 Dermatology

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