Tuning of liver circadian transcriptome rhythms by thyroid hormone state in male mice

Leonardo Vinicius Monteiro de Assis*, Lisbeth Harder, José Thalles Lacerda, Rex Parsons, Meike Kaehler, Ingolf Cascorbi, Inga Nagel, Oliver Rawashdeh, Jens Mittag, Henrik Oster*

*Corresponding author for this work
1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of systemic energy metabolism. In the liver, they stimulate lipid and cholesterol turnover and increase systemic energy bioavailability. It is still unknown how the TH state interacts with the circadian clock, another important regulator of energy metabolism. We addressed this question using a mouse model of hypothyroidism and performed circadian analyses. Low TH levels decreased locomotor activity, food intake, and body temperature mostly in the active phase. Concurrently, liver transcriptome profiling showed only subtle effects compared to elevated TH conditions. Comparative circadian transcriptome profiling revealed alterations in mesor, amplitude, and phase of transcript levels in the livers of low-TH mice. Genes associated with cholesterol uptake, biosynthesis, and bile acid secretion showed reduced mesor. Increased and decreased cholesterol levels in the serum and liver were identified, respectively. Combining data from low- and high-TH conditions allowed the identification of 516 genes with mesor changes as molecular markers of the liver TH state. We explored these genes and created an expression panel that assesses liver TH state in a time-of-day dependent manner. Our findings suggest that the liver has a low TH action under physiological conditions. Circadian profiling reveals genes as potential markers of liver TH state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number640
JournalScientific Reports
Volume14
Issue number1
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12.2024

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