The transition from childhood to adulthood poses significant challenges for the treatment of persistent diseases such as ADHD. While 43 % of all adolescents with ADHD still receive medication, this proportion drops to less than 20 % among patients in their early twenties. It has not been clarified which factors predict the persistence of ADHD. Among the risk factors, disease severity and comorbidities such as depression have been identified. The present article reviews known factors that favor a successful transition. Since graduation and the choice of profession fall within the critical time of adolescence, the article summarizes prerequisites that should be met in the job. With few exceptions, all professions are possible for people with ADHD. Finally, the present report recapitulates treatment options and the care situation for patients with ADHD in Germany. The effect strengths of drug treatment of ADHD are high. Treatment success is to be expected in > 60 % of the affected patients. Behavioral therapy (alone or in combination with stimulants), stimulants, and non-stimulants are significantly more effective than placebo.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)