Total knee arthroplasty for valgus osteoarthritis: the results of a standardized soft-tissue release technique

Friedrich Boettner*, Lisa Renner, Danik Arana Narbarte, Claus Egidy, Martin Faschingbauer

*Corresponding author for this work
7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The study reports the 2-year follow-up results of patients with valgus osteoarthritis undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a standardized soft-tissue release. Methods: Between 2008 and 2013, 222 TKAs were performed for valgus osteoarthritis by a single surgeon. A total of 181 TKAs in 164 patients were available for a minimum 2-year follow-up (range 24–87 months). Preoperative and postoperative range of motion (ROM), mechanical alignment, the postoperative medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), VF-12 score, visual analogue pain scale (VAS), and the actual UCLA activity score, desired UCLA score, ligamentous stability (medial collateral ligament) and complications and revision rates were recorded. Results: The ROM increased from a preoperative flexion contracture of 4.7° (range 0–40) and flexion of 110° (range 35–135) to a postoperative mean flexion contracture of 0.1° (range −5 to 10) and flexion of 128° (range 100–140). The mean hip–knee–ankle alignment was changed from 8.4° of mechanical valgus (range 5.3–25.4) to 0.02° of varus alignment (range −2.9 to 4.1). Tibia component angle (MPTA) was 90.4° (range 86.1–93.7). The WOMAC score, VF-12, UCLA and VAS significantly improved after surgery (p < 0.05). Two patients (1.1 %) underwent revision surgery for instability. Conclusion: The described standardized soft-tissue release (release of the iliotibial band and posterolateral corner) provided excellent clinical results at a minimum 2-year follow-up and can be used safely for a “cook-book” approach to the valgus knee with up to 25° mechanical valgus alignment. Level of evidence: IV.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)2525-2531
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 01.08.2016
Externally publishedYes

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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