Purpose: To assess the available evidence on the prognostic factors for the 5-year survival for patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma (DCC) following surgical resection. Methods: We performed a comprehensive search of abstracts included in databases where relevant studies were published between January 2000 and August 2015. Risk ratios (RRs), 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs), and random-effects model were calculated using RevMan 5.3 software. Results: A total of 23 observational studies involving 2063 patients with DCC were analyzed. The meta-analysis showed that postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was not confirmed as a prognostic factor, with similar 5-year survival rates between those receiving and not receiving chemotherapy (RR 0.71; 95 % CI 0.21–2.36; P = 0.57). Perineural invasion (RR 0.51; 95 % CI 0.40–0.64; P < 0.00001), lymph node metastasis (RR 0.51; 95 % CI 0.38–0.70; P < 0.0001), positive resection margin status (RR 2.11; 95 % CI 1.36–3.30; P = 0.001), and not-well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (RR 1.77; 95 % CI 1.39–2.25; P < 0.00001) were associated with shorter survival. Conclusions: Perineural invasion, lymph node metastasis, resection margin status, and tumor differentiation were the significant prognostic factors for the 5-year survival.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)