New findings on immunological und haematological functions of the spleen, the postoperative risks following splenectomy, as well as improved surgical techniques resulted in an increased interest in organ preservative surgery after traumatic spleen injury in recent years. The data of all patients who underwent surgery for traumatic spleen injuries between 1995-2009 were recorded prospectively and analysed concerning type of operation, intra-and postoperative complications and the postoperative course. A total of 214 patients with splenic trauma underwent surgery. The spleen could be preserved in 80 patients (37.4%, group 1), using thermocoagulation, suture, glue sealant, splenorhaphy and partial spleen resection or combined techniques. 4 of those patients (5%) required a revision operation, in which two spleens could be salvaged by application of glue sealant. Eight of the patients of group 1 could be treated laparoscopically (10%). Under consideration of the surgical segment anatomy of the spleen and the surgical techniques presented, organ preservation is possible with high success rates, even in patients with severe splenic damage. In stable patients with minor splenic injury, laparoscopic or conservative treatment can be considered. Splenectomy should be reserved for patients with complete shattering of the spleen or instable patients.