The repetitive application of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) improves microcirculation parameters in chronic wounds

Jan Oluf Jensen*, Lysann Schulz, Sophie Schleusser, Nico Matzkeit, Felix H. Stang, Peter Mailaender, Robert Kraemer, Markus Kleemann, Henriette Deichmann, Tobias Kisch

*Corresponding author for this work
5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Chronic wounds, such as venous leg ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and pressure ulcers, impose a significant burden on patients and health care systems worldwide. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) accelerates wound healing and decreases bacterial load in chronic wounds in both in vitro and in vivo experiments. For the first time, we examined the effects of a repetitive application of CAP on the microcirculation in chronic wounds. Hypothesis: The repetitive application of cold atmospheric plasma application further improves microcirculation in chronic wounds. Methods: Twenty patients with chronic wounds were treated repetitively with CAP. The repetitive application consisted of three CAP sessions, each lasting 90 s and separated by a 10-minute microcirculation measuring period. Microcirculation parameters were assessed with combined Laser-Doppler-Flowmetry and spectrophotometry in a tissue depth of 2 mm. Results: Tissue oxygen saturation was significantly increased after the first CAP application. The effect amplitude and duration were further increased after the second and third CAP application with a maximum increase by 16,7% (percent change; p = 0,004 vs. baseline) after the third application. There was no significant increase in capillary blood flow until the third CAP application. After the third CAP application, an increase by 22,6% (p = 0,014) was observed. Postcapillary filling pressure was not significantly increased over the measuring period. The repetitive application of CAP further enhances the microcirculation in chronic wounds compared to a single application. Conclusion: The repetitive application of CAP boosts and prolongs tissue oxygen saturation and capillary blood flow in chronic wounds compared to a single application. This insight could provide an impetus for new treatment protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104220
JournalMicrovascular Research
Publication statusPublished - 11.2021

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-27 Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Reconstructive Surgery

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