The relationship between stress levels measured by a questionnaire and the data obtained by smart glasses and finger pulse oximeters among polish dental students

Katarzyna Mocny-Pachońska*, Rafał J. Doniec, Szymon Sieciński*, Natalia J. Piaseczna, Marek Pachoński, Ewaryst J. Tkacz

*Corresponding author for this work
2 Citations (Scopus)


Stress is a physical, mental, or emotional response to a change and is a significant problem in modern society. In addition to questionnaires, levels of stress may be assessed by monitoring physiological signals, such as via photoplethysmogram (PPG), electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electrodermal activity (EDA), facial expressions, and head and body movements. In our study, we attempted to find the relationship between the perceived stress level and physiological signals, such as heart rate (HR), head movements, and electrooculographic (EOG) signals. The perceived stress level was acquired by self-assessment questionnaires in which the participants marked their stress level before, during, and after performing a task. The heart rate was acquired with a finger pulse oximeter and the head movements (linear acceleration and angular velocity) and electrooculographic signals were recorded with JINS MEME ES_R smart glasses (JINS Holdings, Inc., Tokyo, Japan). We observed significant differences between the perceived stress level, heart rate, the power of linear acceleration, angular velocity, and EOG signals before performing the task and during the task. However, except for HR, these signals were poorly correlated with the perceived stress level acquired during the task.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8648
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 09.2021

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