Temple syndrome (TS14) is a rare imprinting disorder caused by genetic and epigenetic alterations on chromosome 14q32. A subset of these patients shows an imprinting defect (ID) where the paternal allele harbors a maternal epigenotype thus silencing the paternally expressed genes and leading to an increased expression of the maternally expressed genes. We investigated the grandparental origin of the incorrectly imprinted chromosome 14 in a cohort of 13 TS14 ID patients and their families. In seven families grandmaternal and, in six families, grandpaternal inheritance was observed. These results indicate that the ID occurred after imprint erasure in the paternal germ line. While the complete lack of methylation as observed in the majority of TS14 ID patients may be due to an imprint establishment error in the paternal germ line, cases with methylation mosaicism suggest that in general many IDs (TS14, AS, BWS, and SRS) are in fact of somatic origin in the early or late embryo.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Medical Genetics