The implication of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

Sayyed Mohammad Hossein Ghaderian, Reza Akbarzadeh, Fatemeh Mohajerani, Zohreh Khodaii, Saghar Salehpour*

*Corresponding author for this work
1 Citation (Scopus)


Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an undesirable complication in the course of ovarian stimulation. This kind of stimulation is aimed at acquiring a sufficient number of high-quality oocytes in in vitro fertilization (IVF). Whereas the predisposition to OHSS could be impacted by genetic polymorphisms in susceptible genes, the present study has been jointly conducted with an Iranian cohort to scrutinize its relevant implication. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples of patients with a normal ovarian response (NOR) or with OHSS. Samples were analyzed to detect polymorphisms MTHFR rs1801131, MTHFR rs1801133, AMHR2 rs2002555, LHCGR rs2293275, PGR rs10895068, and SERPINE1 rs1799889. Variations of MTHFR, AMHR2, LHCGR, and PGR genes were significantly associated with the developing OHSS. After correction for multiple analysis, this difference was not evident for PGR genotypes. The polymorphic alleles of MTHFR (rs1801131 C-allele and rs1801133 T-allele), AMHR2 (rs2002555 G-allele), and LHCGR (rs2293275 G-allele) were significantly more prevalent among patients with OHSS compared to those in the NOR group. In contrast, the minor allele of PGR single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs10895068, A-allele) was more prominent among patients with a NOR than those with OHSS. No significant difference was observed in genotypes or alleles of SERPINE1 rs1799889. The observations indicated that the minor alleles of MTHFR, AMHR2, and LHCGR genes could be considered an independent risk factor in susceptibility to OHSS. Nevertheless, polymorphic allele in the PGR rs10895068 SNP contributes to preventing OHSS occurrence. Therefore, it can be argued that these genes have a significant impact on OHSS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)964-971
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 22.05.2019


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