The GPO Cooperative Ewing's Sarcoma Studies CESS 81/86: Report after 6 1/2 years

H. Jurgens, V. Bier, J. Dunst, D. Harms, A. Jobke, R. Kotz, J. Kuhl, St Muller-Weihrich, J. Ritter, M. Salzer-Kuntschik, R. Sauer, W. Sternschulte, J. Treuner, P. A. Voute, P. Weinel, W. Winkelmann, K. Winkler, U. Gobel

49 Citations (Scopus)


The GPO Cooperative Ewing's Sarcoma Study (CESS) 81 with 10 months four-drug combination chemotherapy (vincristine, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide, and adriamycin = VACA) and local control with surgery and/or radiation, following week 18, resulted in a Kaplan-Meier estimated disease-free survival of 51% after 6 1/2 years (51/93 patients disease-free). Tumor volume and histological response to primary chemotherapy were identified as most significant prognostic factors. As a consequence, the CESS 86 regimen was stratified according to risk of relapse. Standard risk patients (extremity tumors < 100 ml tumor volume) were continued on VACA chemotherapy. In high risk patients (extremity tumors > 100 ml tumor volume, central tumors), cyclophosphamide in conventional dose (1200 mg/m2/course) was replaced by high doses of ifosfamide (6 g/m2/course) with mesna uroprotection (VAIA). Local control was obtained following week 9. Patients with radiation were randomised for conventional fractionation or accelerated split-course hyperfractionation. The study was piloted from February to December 1985. 27/37 patients were disease-free on October 1, 1987. The ongoing trial was started on January 1, 1986. On October 1, 1987, 63/66 patients were disease-free. In patients with large primaries, according to Kaplan-Meier life-table analysis, the disease-free survival was significantly better in patients receiving VAIA chemotherapy, compared to the previous VACA regimen. The toxicity of both combination chemotherapy regimens was comparable.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKlinische Padiatrie
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)243-252
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1988


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