The genetic basis for cytopathogenicity of pestiviruses

B M Kümmerer, N Tautz, P Becher, H Thiel, G Meyers


Two biotypes of pestiviruses, cytopathogenic (cp) and noncp viruses, can be distinguished by their effects on tissue culture cells. Identification of cp bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) has been frequently reported since antigenically closely related noncp and cp BVDV can be isolated from cattle with fatal mucosal disease (MD) and are called a virus pair. In contrast to the BVDV system, only few cp border disease virus (BDV) and cp classical swine fever virus (CSFV) strains have been described. Serological analyses and sequence comparison studies showed that cp pestiviruses arise from noncp viruses by mutation. Elaborate studies during the last 10 years revealed that in most cases RNA recombination is responsible for the generation of the cp viruses. Recent results showed a second way for the development of a cp pestivirus which is based on the introduction of a set of point mutations within the NS2 gene.

Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)117-28
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 15.11.2000

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 204-04 Virology


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