Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mental retardation and congenital microcephaly with a head circumference at least 4 SD below age and sex means, in the absence of other significant malformations or neurological deficits. Truncating alterations in the MCPH1 gene have previously been shown to exhibit a distinct cellular phenotype, with a high proportion of prophase-like cells (>10%) due to premature chromosome condensation in early G2- and delayed decondensation in early G1-phase of the cell cycle. We report here the first patient with a homozygous substitution of a highly conserved threonine residue by an arginine (c.80C>G, Thr27Arg) localized in the N-terminal BRCT domain of MCPH1. The cellular and clinical phenotype of this patient is much less pronounced than that of previously described patients with truncating alterations in the MCPH1 gene. Firstly, the fraction of prophase-like cells accounts for just 3-4% of the cell population. Secondly, clinically, he has only a very mild mental retardation with predominantly delayed motor skills but normal verbal IQ attainment. Additionally, head circumference was less severely affected, being -2.4 SD at birth and -3 SD at the age of six years. This justifies reconsideration and widening of the clinical phenotype definition of MCPH1.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Medical Genetics