Background: We investigated the effects of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triptorelin as well the GnRH antagonist cetrorelix those of on the viability and steroidogenesis in human granulosa luteinized (hGL) cell cultures. Materials and Methods: The hGL cells were obtained from 34 women undergoing ovarian stimulation for IVF treatment. The cells were cultured for 48 h with or without 1 nM or 3 nM of cetrorelix or triptorelin in serum-free media. The cell viability was evaluated by the MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2- yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] assay. The concentrations of estradiol and progesterone in culture supernatants were measured by ELISA. Results: Treatment with triptorelin slightly increased cell viability, whereas treatment with 3 nM cetrorelix led to a significant decrease. Estradiol concentrations were reduced with 3 nM triptorelin. Cultures treated with high-dose of either cetrorelix or triptorelin tended to secrete less progesterone than controls. Conclusion: Cetrorelix significantly reduces the viability of hGL cells. Triptorelin and cetrorelix may have minor effects on steroidogenesis. These results suggest that GnRH analogues may influence ovarian functions.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 01.09.2012|
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)