The CACNA1B R1389H variant is not associated with myoclonus-dystonia in a large European multicentric cohort

Niccolo E. Mencacci, Léa R'bibo, Sara Bandres-Ciga, Miryam Carecchio, Giovanna Zorzi, Nardo Nardocci, Barbara Garavaglia, Amit Batla, Kailash P. Bhatia, Alan M. Pittman, John Hardy, Anne Weissbach, Christine Klein, Thomas Gasser, Ebba Lohmann, Nicholas W. Wood*

*Corresponding author for this work
6 Citations (Scopus)


Myoclonus-dystonia (M-D) is a very rare movement disorder, caused in ~30-50% of cases by mutations in SGCE. The CACNA1B variant c.4166G>A; (p. R1389H) was recently reported as the likely causative mutation in a single 3-generation Dutch pedigree with five subjects affected by a unique dominant M-D syndrome and cardiac arrhythmias. In an attempt to replicate this finding, we assessed by direct sequencing the frequency of CACNA1B c.4166G>A; (p. R1389H) in a cohort of 520 M-D cases, in which SGCE mutations had been previously excluded. A total of 146 cases (28%) had a positive family history of M-D. The frequency of the variant was also assessed in 489 neurologically healthy controls and in publicly available data sets of genetic variation (1000 Genomes, Exome Variant Server and Exome Aggregation Consortium). The variant was detected in a single sporadic case with M-D, but in none of the 146 probands with familial M-D. Overall, the variant was present at comparable frequencies in M-D cases (1 out of 520; 0.19%) and healthy controls (1 out of 489; 0.2%). A similar frequency of the variant was also reported in all publicly available databases. These results do not support a causal association between the CACNA1B c.4166G>A; (p. R1389H) variant and M-D.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberddv255
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Issue number18
Pages (from-to)5326-5329
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 09.04.2015


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