Coatomer is required for the retrieval of proteins from an early Golgi compartment back to the endoplasmic reticulum. The WD40 domain of α-COP is required for the recruitment of KKTN-tagged proteins into coatomer-coated vesicles. However, lack of the domain has only minor effects on growth in yeast. Here, we show that the WD40 domain of β′-COP is required for the recycling of the KTKLL-tagged Golgi protein Emp47p. The protein is degraded more rapidly in cells with a point mutation in the WD40 domain of β′-COP (sec27-95) or in cells lacking the domain altogether, whereas a point mutation in the Clathrin Heavy Chain Repeat (sec27-1) does not affect the turnover of Emp47p. Lack of the WD40 domain of β′-COP has only minor effects on growth of yeast cells; however, absence of both WD40 domains of α- and β′-COP is lethal. Two hybrid studies together with our analysis of the maturation of KKTN-tagged invertase and the turnover of Emp47p in α- and β′-COP mutants suggest that the two WD40 domains of α- and β′-COP bind distinct but overlapping sets of di-lysine signals and hence both contribute to recycling of proteins with di-lysine signals.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)