T-cell subsets in allergy and tolerance induction

Ina Suhrkamp, Alexander Scheffold, Guido Heine*

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

Antigen-specific T lymphocytes are the central regulators of tolerance versus immune pathology against otherwise innocuous antigens and key targets of antigen-specific immune therapy. Recent advances in the understanding of T cells in tolerance and allergy resulted from improved technologies to directly characterize allergen-specific T cells by multiparameter flow cytometry or single-cell sequencing. This unravelled phenotypically and functionally distinct populations, such as Type 2a T helper cells (Th2a), follicular Th cells (Tfh), regulatory T cells (Treg), Type 1 regulatory T cells (Tr1), and follicular T regulatory cells. Here we will discuss the role of the different Th-cell subsets in the healthy state, during sensitization and development of allergy, and in tolerance induction by allergen immunotherapy (AIT). To date, the mechanisms of AIT as the only causal treatment of allergy are not completely understood. The analyses of allergen-specific T cells directly ex vivo during AIT support the concept of specific-Th2(a) cell deletion rather than an expansion of allergen-specific Tr1 or Treg cells as underlying mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2249983
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume53
Issue number10
ISSN0014-2980
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)
  • Centers: Center for Research on Inflammation of the Skin (CRIS)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 204-05 Immunology
  • 205-19 Dermatology
  • 205-22 Clinical Immunology and Allergology

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