BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) is a new adjuvant treatment modality that has been shown to reduce the need for repetitive intravitreal injections (IVIs) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). The authors aimed to determine baseline predictors of clinical response to SRT.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational case series of patients with nAMD who underwent SRT and subsequently had at least 12 months of complete follow-up. After SRT and one mandatory IVI, patients were examined every 4 weeks and received further treatment on a pro re nata basis. Examination included enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) to measure subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and central macular thickness (CMT). Patients' data were retrieved from medical records and included demographics, disease duration, lesion size, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), previous number of IVIs, and type of drug applied.
RESULTS: A total of 35 eyes of 35 patients (76.23 years ± 7.05 years) were included, and 21 eyes (60%) responded well to SRT. The annual injection rate decreased from 6.86 before SRT to 3.46 afterward, whereas BCVA improved from 0.49 logMAR at baseline to 0.37 logMAR at final follow-up. From a morphologic point of view, CMT and SFCT decreased by 71 μm and 37 μm, respectively, at 12-month follow-up compared to baseline. Of all investigated parameters, only SFCT proved to be significant, as a higher baseline SFCT was found to be a strong negative predictor for the number of IVIs needed after SRT (regression coefficient: -0.678; P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: Baseline SFCT may help predict which patients with nAMD will respond more favorably to SRT. The authors found eyes with a thicker baseline SFCT needed fewer IVIs after SRT. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018;49:320-328.].