Structural and biophysical characterization of the selenoprotein SelW1 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Christian L. Schmidt, Jan Daberger, Michael Sobek, Karsten Seeger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

Selenoprotein W is widespread among pro- and eukaryotic organisms. It possesses antioxidant activity and plays pivotal roles in mammalian embryonic development and cellular functions. A very simple, prototypical selenoprotein W is SelW1 from Chlamydomonas. The U14C mutant of SelW1 was isolated and biophysically characterized. It contains an intramolecular disulfide bond and is thermally stable up to 70 °C. NMR resonance assignment of reduced and oxidized SelW1 showed that SelW1 adopts a thioredoxin fold. Interestingly, both forms show two additional sets of resonance for amino acid residues near the termini and have basically identical dynamic behavior. Since SelW1 from Chlamydomonas resembles the ancestor of mammalian selenoproteins in certain aspects, this study lays the basis for future characterization of SelW1 function and possible interaction partners.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140685
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics
Volume1869
Issue number10
ISSN1570-9639
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10.2021

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