In the last fifteen years it has become apparent that tissue-resident mesenchymal cells such as fibroblasts, which are the structural elements of all organs, play a cardinal role in the pathology of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. We now know that all fibroblasts originate from universal pan-organ cellular ancestors and that they are diversified into more specific subsets according to the functional needs of their home tissue-and its activation state. In arthritis, a plethora of activated joint-resident and migrating fibroblast types have been recently described that are central for pathogenesis and persistence of inflammatory joint-disease. Here we provide a current overview on the multiple inflammatory and immune-related functions of fibroblasts and how they could be curbed to induce long-lasting abatement of disease.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)
- Centers: Center for Research on Inflammation of the Skin (CRIS)