There is an increasing demand for optimization‐free multiplex assays to rapidly establish comprehensive target panels for cancer monitoring by liquid biopsy. We present the mediator probe (MP) PCR for the quantification of the seven most frequent point mutations and corresponding wild types (KRAS and BRAF) in colorectal carcinoma. Standardized parameters for the digital assay were derived using design of experiments. Without further optimization, the limit of detection (LoD) was determined through spiking experiments with synthetic mutant DNA in human genomic DNA. The limit of blank (LoB) was measured in cfDNA plasma eluates from healthy volunteers. The 2‐plex and 4‐plex MP ddPCR assays showed a LoB of 0 copies/mL except for 4‐plex KRAS G13D (9.82 copies/mL) and 4‐plex BRAF V600E (16.29 copies/mL) and allele frequencies of 0.004% ≤ LoD ≤ 0.38% with R2 ≥ 0.98. The quantification of point mutations in patient plasma eluates (18 patients) during follow‐up using the 4‐plex MP ddPCR showed a comparable performance to the reference assays. The presented multiplex assays need no laborious optimization, as they use the same concentrations and cycling conditions for all targets. This facilitates assay certification, allows a fast and flexible design process, and is thus easily adaptable for individual patient monitoring.
Research Areas and Centers
- Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)