To evade opsonophagocytosis, Staphylococcus aureus secretes various immunomodulatory molecules that interfere with effective opsonization by complement and/or IgG. Immune-evasion molecules targeting the phagocyte receptors for these opsonins have not been described. In this study, we demonstrate that S. aureus escapes from FcγR-mediated immunity by secreting a potent FcγR antagonist, FLIPr, or its homolog FLIPr-like. Both proteins were previously reported to function as formyl peptide receptor inhibitors. Binding of FLIPr was mainly restricted to FcγRII receptors, whereas FLIPr-like bound to different FcγR subclasses, and both competitively blocked IgG-ligand binding. They fully inhibited FcγR-mediated effector functions, including opsonophagocytosis and subsequent intracellular killing of S. aureus by neutrophils and Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity of tumor cells by both neutrophils and NK cells. In vivo, treatment of mice with FLIPr-like prevented the development of an immune complex-mediated FcγR-dependent Arthus reaction. This study reveals a novel immune-escape function for S. aureus-secreted proteins that may lead to the development of new therapeutic agents in FcγR-mediated diseases.
|Title of host publication||The Journal of Immunology|
|Number of pages||10|
|ISBN (Print)||1550-6606 (Electronic)\r0022-1767 (Linking)|
|Publication status||Published - 01.07.2013|