Spontaneous pregnancy after successful ICSI treatment: Evaluation of risk factors in 899 families in Germany

Annika Kristin Ludwig*, A. Katalinic, J. Jendrysik, U. Thyen, A. G. Sutcliffe, K. Diedrich, M. Ludwig

*Corresponding author for this work
12 Citations (Scopus)


There are only scarce data on the incidence of spontaneous pregnancy in infertility patients. Contraception after infertility treatment is another topic that has been neglected so far. Therefore, a questionnaire was sent to 1614 couples with a child conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) aged 4-6 years. A total of 899 couples responded (response rate 55.7%). A total of 10.9% of couples had used contraception. Of the couples that had actively tried to conceive, 20.0% had conceived spontaneously, resulting in a live-birth rate of 16.4%. 74.5% of these pregnancies were conceived within 2 years after delivery. A further 26.6% of couples conceived again by ICSI, with a live-birth rate of 20.9%. Maternal age was the only prognostic factor for spontaneous conception. Parents of multiples after ICSI did not have a higher chance of spontaneous conception than parents of singletons. Couples can be counselled that one out of five couples conceive spontaneously after successful ICSI. Even when assuming that none of the families that were lost to follow-up had conceived spontaneously, one out of eight couples would have conceived spontaneously. Therefore, it is important to counsel patients about the possibility of natural conception and necessity to use contraception despite their history of subfertility.

Original languageEnglish
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)403-409
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.2008


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