BACKGROUND: Foam sclerotherapy is well established in the treatment of varicose veins of different sizes.
METHODS: A literature review was performed to determine which specific indications for foam sclerotherapy exist.
RESULTS: Treatment of venous leg ulcers, varices that might rupture, varicose veins in geriatric patients, pudendal veins and seroma could be determined as specific indications for foam sclerotherapy.
CONCLUSION: In some indications, foam sclerotherapy is the treatment option of first choice. It is an effective and safe treatment option.