Spectrum of ANCA-specificities in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. A retrospective multicentre study

S. Arnold*, J. Mahrhold, Anja Kerstein-Staehle, G. Riemekasten, E. Csernok, B. Hellmich, N. Venhoff, J. Thiel, K. Affeldt, A. Jahnke, P. Lamprecht

*Corresponding author for this work


Objective To determine the spectrum of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) antigen-specificities in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), an ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) entity. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of 73 EGPA patients from three German tertiary referral centres for vasculitis. In addition to in-house ANCA testing, pentraxin 3 (PTX3)- and olfactomedin 4 (OLM4)-ANCA were determined using a prototype cell-based assay for research (EUROIMMUN, Lübeck, Germany). Patient characteristics and clinical manifestations were evaluated and compared based on ANCA status. Results Myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA positive patients (n=8; 11%) significantly more frequently displayed peripheral nervous system (PNS) and pulmonary involvement and less frequently heart involvement compared to MPO-ANCA negative patients. PTX3-ANCA positive patients (n=5; 6.8%) had a significantly higher prevalence of ear, nose and throat, pulmonary, gastrointestinal and PNS involvement, and a lower prevalence of renal and central nervous system involvement compared to PTX3-ANCA negative patients. Proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA and OLM4-ANCA were detected in 2 patients (2.7%) each with multiorgan involvement. One PR3-ANCA positive patient was also positive for bactericidal permeability increasing protein (BPI)-ANCA. Conclusion In addition to MPO, the spectrum of ANCA antigen specificities includes various other target antigens such as PR3, BPI, PTX3, and OLM4, potentially segregating further EGPA subgroups. A lower prevalence of MPO-ANCA was detected in this study compared with other studies. OLM4 is reported as novel ANCA antigen-specificity in EGPA, and thus AAV.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)936-942
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 04.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)


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