Smoothed analysis of left-to-right maxima with applications

Valentina Damerow, Bodo Manthey*, Friedhelm Meyer Auf Der Heide, Harald Racke, Christian Scheideler, Christian Sohler, Till Tantau

*Corresponding author for this work
4 Citations (Scopus)


A left-to-right maximum in a sequence of n numbers s1, sn is a number that is strictly larger than all preceding numbers. In this article we present a smoothed analysis of the number of left-to-right maxima in the presence of additive random noise. We show that for every sequence of nnumbers si ε [0, 1] that are perturbed by uniform noise from the interval [-ε, ε], the expected number of left-to-right maxima is Θ (Mathematical Equation Presented) for ε > 1/n. For Gaussian noise with standard deviation σ we obtain a bound of O((log 3/2 n)/σ + log n). We apply our results to the analysis of the smoothed height of binary search trees and the smoothed number of comparisons in the quicksort algorithm and prove bounds of Θ (Mathematical Equation Presented), respectively, for uniform random noise from the interval [-ε, ε]. Our results can also be applied to bound the smoothed number of points on a convex hull of points in the two-dimensional plane and to smoothed motion complexity, a concept we describe in this article. We bound how often one needs to update a data structure storing the smallest axis-aligned box enclosing a set of points moving in d-dimensional space.

Original languageEnglish
Article number30
JournalACM Transactions on Algorithms
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01.07.2012


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