SMNrp is an essential pre-mRNA splicing factor required for the formation of the mature spliceosome

Gunter Meister, Stefan Hannus, Oliver Plöttner, Tonie Baars, Enno Hartmann, Stanislav Fakan, Bernhard Laggerbauer, Utz Fischer*

*Corresponding author for this work
46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SMNrp, also termed SPF30, has recently been identified in spliceosomes assembled in vitro. We have functionally characterized this protein and show that it is an essential splicing factor. We show that SMNrp is a 17S U2 snRNP-associated protein that appears in the pre-spliceosome (complex A) and the mature spliceosome (complex B) during splicing. Immunodepletion of SMNrp from nuclear extract inhibits the first step of pre-mRNA splicing by preventing the formation of complex B. Re-addition of recombinant SMNrp to immunodepleted extract reconstitutes both spliceosome formation and splicing. Mutations in two domains of SMNrp, although similarly deleterious for splicing, differed in their consequences on U2 snRNP binding, suggesting that SMNrp may also engage in interactions with splicing factors other than the U2 snRNP. In agreement with this, we present evidence for an additional interaction between SMNrp and the [U4/U6·U5] tri-snRNP. A candidate that may mediate this interaction, namely the U4/U6-90 kDa protein, has been identified. We suggest that SMNrp, as a U2 snRNP-associated protein, facilitates the recruitment of the [U4/U6·US] tri-snRNP to the pre-spliceosome.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume20
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)2304-2314
Number of pages11
ISSN0261-4189
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.05.2001

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