Objective Radical cystectomy (RCX) is the standard treatment for muscle-invasive and treatment-refractory non-invasive bladder cancer, but that is associated with high morbidity. We now survey current practice patterns on perioperative management among German urological departments of all sizes Methods Members of the German Association of Urology and the German Society of Residents in Urology (GeSRU) were contacted by email and asked to answer a 24-item online questionnaire covering clinically relevant aspects of current guidelines and controversies. Results Responses were obtained from at least 19% of all German urological centers. About 60% performed preoperative staging using CT urography and chest CT. The most common perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis was a third generation cephalosporin combined with metronidazole (46%), administered for a median of 5 days. Stentograms for ileal conduit and neobladder are routinely performed in 38% and 55% of patients, respectively. Ureteral stents were usually removed 11-12 days after the procedure (ileal conduit and neobladder). Based on the surrogate parameters of preoperative bowel preparation, postoperative start of oral nutrition and use of nasogastric tube, fast-track concepts such as ERAS were not generally established (50%). Robot-assisted cystectomy appears to be performed in 15% of German urological centers and was associated with the number of performed cystectomies (p0.001). Conclusions Most aspects of perioperative management in cystectomy patients - staging diagnostics, use of antibiotics, stent removal - are performed in accordance with current guidelines. Other clinical questions such as stent imaging before removal and fast track concepts are handled heterogeneously. Guideline-adherence was not associated with hospital size or number of procedures performed.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)