The cost of a genetic linkage or association study is largely determined by the number of individuals to be recruited, phenotyped, and genotyped. The efficiency can be increased by using a sequential procedure that reduces time and cost on average. Two strategies for sequential designs in genetic epidemiological studies can be distinguished: One approach is to increase the sample size sequentially and to conduct multiple significance tests on accumulating data. If significance or futility can be assumed with a certain probability, the study is stopped. Otherwise, it is carried on to the next stage. The second approach is to conduct early linkage analyses on a coarse marker grid, and to increase marker density in later stages. Interim analyses are performed to select interesting genomic areas for follow up. The aim of this article is to give a review on sequential procedures in the context of genetic linkage and association studies.
|Number of pages||25|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|