Salvage high-dose-rate interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy) for locally relapsed prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy and subsequent external irradiation

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Purpose: To report the use of high-dose-rate (HDR) interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy, IRT) as a salvage treatment for macroscopic histologically confirmed local relapse of prostatic cancer after prostatectomy and subsequent external irradiation. Material and methods: A retrospective study of patients with prostate adenocarcinoma, treated with HDR-IRT for an isolated local relapse after prostatectomy and external irradiation at our institution (2010-2020). Treatment results and treatment related-toxicity were recorded. Clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results: Ten patients were identified. The median age was 63 years (range, 59-74 years), and the median follow-up time was 34 months (range, 10-68 months). Four patients had a biochemical relapse, and the mean time to prostate specific antigen (PSA) increase was 13 months. One-year biochemical failure-free survival (bFFS), 3-year bFFS, and 4-year bFFS were 80%, 60%, and 60%, respectively. Most of the treatment-related toxicities were grade 1-2. Two patients experienced grade 3 late genitourinary toxicity. Conclusions: HDR-IRT seems to be an effective treatment option showing acceptable toxicity for prostate cancer patients with isolated macroscopic histologically confirmed local relapse after prostatectomy and subsequent external irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)159-165
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
  • Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-14 Haematology, Oncology
  • 205-23 Reproductive Medicine, Urology

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