Rolle der Strahlentherapie bei onkologischen Notfällen

Translated title of the contribution: Role of radiotherapy in oncological emergencies

Irenäus A. Adamietz*, Alexander Gitt, Natalie Schindler, Vinodh Kakkassery

*Corresponding author for this work


Background: Radiotherapy has a strong and rapid tumoricidal effect, which enables its effective use in oncological emergencies. Ionizing radiation can be applied quickly and precisely. Methods: On the basis of literature research and our own expertise, current aspects of radiotherapy in oncological emergency situations are compiled. Results: Radiotherapy is used as a part of interdisciplinary tumor therapy for superior vena cava syndrome, spinal compression syndrome, and increased intracranial pressure due to brain metastases. It is very effective in stopping tumor-related bleeding and all threatening tumor-related compression syndromes. In 50–90% of cases, an alleviation of symptoms can be achieved. In about 30% of cases, a long-term result is observed. Conclusion: The results of radiation therapy in oncological emergencies suggest that for an established indication, this treatment procedure should be applied in a timely manner.

Translated title of the contributionRole of radiotherapy in oncological emergencies
Original languageGerman
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 01.02.2020

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)


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