Retrospective analysis of time-related three-dimensional iliac bone graft resorption following sinus lift and vertical augmentation in the maxilla

Abstract

The atrophic maxilla frequently requires bone grafting using an onlay graft (OG) or sinus lifting (SL) before implant rehabilitation. The resorption of bone grafts is influenced by the time until implantation, quality of donor bone, and grafting technique. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of both grafting techniques on the time-related resorption of autologous iliac bone graft. Forty-three patients underwent either onlay grafting or a sinus lift at 73 sites in the maxilla. Graft height was measured by cone beam computed tomography after augmentation and during follow-up for up to 12 months prior to implant insertion. The effect of time and technique on graft resorption was evaluated retrospectively. The reduction in bone graft height was greater for OG than SL over the investigated time intervals (OG = 51%, SL = 28%; P = 0.002). Each technique followed a specific course of resorption, which was independent of the initial graft height and could be calculated by a non-linear regression model. Iliac bone graft undergoes rapid resorption when used as an OG prior to implant insertion. For SL, this resorption is reasonably lower. This is especially crucial to determine the optimal time for implant insertion after graft healing to improve implant survival.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume51
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)545-551
Number of pages7
ISSN0901-5027
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04.2022

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