Reproducibility of fetal ductus venosus blood flow velocity waveforms during first stage of labor

Martin Krapp*, Anja Kühn, Kristin Baumann, Ulrich Gembruch

*Corresponding author for this work
1 Citation (Scopus)


Objectives Fetal ductus venosus (DV) blood Xow velocity waveforms are Significantly altered during contractions in Wrst stage of labor. We have evaluated the reproducibility of these waveforms during and between contractions. Methods 90 women between 37th and 41st week of gestation were included in the study. The measurements of the DV were obtained by three different investigators during and between contractions. The pulsatility index for veins (PIV), peak velocity index for veins (PVIV), and fetal heart rate (FHR) were calculated oZine. Furthermore, differences in PVIV (PVIVdiff) and PIV (PIVdiff) and a mean of FHR (FHRmean) were calculated. Statistical analysis was used to verify differences in the PIV, PVIV and FHR during and between contractions of each subgroup as well as for the PVIVdiff, PIVdiff and FHRmean between the subgroups. Results Investigator 1 examined 49 patients (group 1); investigator 2, 17 patients (group 2) and investigator 3, 24 patients (group 3), respectively. In all subgroups, there was a Significant difference for the PVIV and PIV during and between contractions, but not for FHR. There was a correlation between gestational age and PVIVdiff, PIVdiff and FHRmean as well as for maternal age and PVIVdiff and PIVdiff. PVIVdiff and PIVdiff showed Significant differences in group 1 compared to groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.001), but not between groups 2 and 3. Conclusions Significant differences in the measurements in the three subgroups have been revealed, which may be due to different timing of measurement during the contraction. For future studies further standardization of the measurement protocol should be established.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)87-92
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 01.2012


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