Renal mesangium is a target for calcitonin gene-related peptide

A. Kurtz, H. J. Schurek, W. Jelkmann, R. Muff, H. P. Lipp, U. Heckmann, K. U. Eckardt, H. Scholz, J. A. Fischer, C. Bauer

24 Citations (Scopus)


Rat calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRPα; EC50, 1 nM) was shown to stimulate cAMP formation in cultured rat renal mesangial cells. CGRP concentration dependently (EC50, 1 nM) also inhibited contraction of mesangial cells by angiotensin II (10 nM). Angiotensin II (10 nM) caused a transient increase of the intracellular calcium concentration from 140 nM to 480 nM in the mesangial cells, but these calcium transients were not altered by CGRP. CGRP (10 nM) decreased vascular resistance in the isolated rat kidney perfused at constant pressure (100 mm Hg; P < 0.01). The decreased vascular resistance was accompanied by a rise of the glomerular filtration fraction. CGRP, moreover, attenuated the effects of angiotensin II on renal vascular resistance and glomerular filtration (P < 0.01). In conclusion, CGRP caused relaxation of renal mesangial cells and decreases renal vascular resistance. As a result CGRP raises glomerular filtration and the filtration fraction. The effect may be linked to cyclic AMP formation. Thus, regulation the renal vascular and glomerular function may represent a novel action of CGRP apart from its cardiovascular effects.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKidney International
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)222-227
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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