Remote effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on cutaneous microcirculation

Tobias Kisch*, Heiko Sorg, Vinzent Forstmeier, Karsten Knobloch, Eirini Liodaki, Felix Stang, Peter Mailänder, Robert Krämer

*Corresponding author for this work
16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT) has proven its clinical benefits in different fields of medicine. Tissue regeneration and healing is improved after shock wave treatment. Even in the case of burn wounds angiogenesis and re-epithelialization is accelerated, but ESWT in extensive burn wounds is impracticable. Hypothesis High energy ESWT influences cutaneous microcirculation at body regions remote from application site. Methods Eighteen Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to two groups and received either high energy ESWT (Group A: total 1000 impulses, 10 J) or placebo shock wave treatment (Group B: 0 impulses, 0 J), applied to the dorsal lower leg of the hind limb. Ten minutes later microcirculatory effects were assessed at the contralateral lower leg of the hind limb (remote body region) by combined Laser-Doppler-Imaging and Photospectrometry. Results In Group A cutaneous capillary blood velocity was significantly increased by 152.8% vs. placebo ESWT at the remote body location (p = 0.01). Postcapillary venous filling pressure remained statistically unchanged (p > 0.05), while cutaneous tissue oxygen saturation increased by 12.7% in Group A (p = 0.220). Conclusion High energy ESWT affects cutaneous hemodynamics in body regions remote from application site in a standard rat model. The results of this preliminary study indicate that ESWT might be beneficial even in disseminated and extensive burn wounds by remote shock wave effects and should therefore be subject to further scientific evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of tissue viability
Volume24
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)140-145
Number of pages6
ISSN0965-206X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11.2015

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-27 Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Reconstructive Surgery

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