Reduction of transplant arteriosclerosis after treatment with mycophenolate mofetil and ganciclovir in a mouse aortic allograft model

Julia Hoffmann, Martin Böhm, Silke Abele-Ohl, Martina Ramsperger-Gleixner, Bernd M. Spriewald, Elisabeth Zinser, Alexander Steinkasserer, Michael Weyand, Stephan M. Ensminger

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Transplant arteriosclerosis is a major obstacle for long-term allograft survival in heart transplant. The aim of this study was to investigate potential synergistic effects of combined treatment with mycophenolate mofetil and ganciclovir on the development of transplant arteriosclerosis, presence of regulatory T cells, and expression of donor specific alloantibodies. Materials and Methods: Donor aortas from C57BL/6 (H2b) mice that were fully mismatched to the major histocompatibility complex were transplanted into CBA (H2k) mouse recipients. Groups of mice received mycophenolate mofetil (100 or 300 mg/kg, oral), ganciclovir (10 or 72 mg/kg, intraperitoneal), or a mycophenolate mofetil and ganciclovir combination. Grafts were analyzed by histology and morphometry on day 30 after transplant. Numbers of regulatory T cells and donor-specific alloantibodies were examined by fluorescenceactivated cell sorting analysis of splenic tissue and peripheral blood. Results: Mycophenolate mofetil (100 mg/kg) and ganciclovir (10 mg/kg and 72 mg/kg) did not show effects on transplant arteriosclerosis formation or alloantibody production. However, groups treated with mycophenolate mofetil (300 mg/kg) or a lowor high-dose mycophenolate mofetil and ganciclovir combination had significantly reduced transplant arteriosclerosis and alloantibody levels. Expression of regulatory T cells within the spleen was similar between all experimental groups and untreated controls. Conclusions: The combination of mycophenolate mofetil and ganciclovir significantly reduced the development of transplant arteriosclerosis in a mouse abdominal aortic allograft model. This effect may be a result of decreased alloantibody production.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental and Clinical Transplantation
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)592-600
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 12.2012


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