Rare facial clefts: Treatment during charity missions in developing countries

Peter Sieg*, Samer G. Hakim, Hans Christian Jacobsen, Bassam Saka, Dirk Hermes

*Corresponding author for this work
16 Citations (Scopus)


During 10 charity missions in developing countries, 14 patients of a total of 374 children with cleft lip and palate deformities were treated for rare facial clefts. There were three midline clefts (Tessier no. 0 cleft, n = 1; Tessier no. 14 cleft, n = 2), four oblique facial clefts (Tessier no. 3 cleft, n = 2; Tessier no. 5 cleft, n = 2), and seven lateral facial clefts (Tessier no. 7 cleft). Surgical treatment focused on cleft repair by soft-tissue reconstruction apart from two Tessier no. 14 clefts, in which the bony gap was also closed using bone grafts from the iliac crest. The postoperative course was uneventful except for one local wound infection that was treated successfully using oral antibiotics. This article summarizes the authors' experience with the surgical management of these malformations and considers the limitations under conditions of charity missions in developing countries. Furthermore, some rare forms of cleft formation are added to the existing literature.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)640-647
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 01.09.2004


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