Radiation dose to the radiologist's hand during continuous CT fluoroscopy-guided interventions

Beate M. Stoeckelhuber*, Thorsten Leibecke, Edda Schulz, Uwe H. Melchert, Claudia U. Bergmann-Koester, Thomas Helmberger, Joerg Gellissen

*Corresponding author for this work
40 Citations (Scopus)


Computed tomography fluoroscopy (CT fluoroscopy) enables real-time image control over the entire body with high geometric accuracy and, for the most part, without significant interfering artifacts, resulting in increased target accuracy, reduced intervention times, and improved biopsy specimens [1-4]. Depending on the procedure being used, higher radiation doses than in conventional CT-supported interventions might occur. Because the radiologist is present in the CT room during the intervention, he is exposed to additional radiation, which is an important aspect. Initial experience with CT fluoroscopically guided interventions is from the work of Katada et al. in 1994 [5] and only relatively few reports on radiation aspects in CT fluoroscopy are found in the literature [1, 2, 6-11]. To date, there are no reported injuries to patients and radiologists occurring with CT fluoroscopy. The time interval since the wide use of CT fluoroscopy is too short to have data on late effects to the operator using CT fluoroscopy on a daily basis. In addition, the spectrum of CT fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures will expand and more sophisticated procedures requiring longer fluoroscopy times will be performed. Thus, effective exposure reduction is very important. The purpose of our study was to assess the radiation dose to the operator's hand by using data from phantom measurements. In addition, we investigated the effect of a lead drape on the phantom surface adjacent to the scanning plane, the use of thin radiation protective gloves, and the use of different needle holders.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)589-594
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 01.06.2005


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