Quantitation of major protein constituents of murine intestinal fluid

Steffen Bade, Hans H. Gorris, Sabine Koelling, Verena Olivier, Fabian Reuter, Peter Zabel, Andreas Frey*

*Corresponding author for this work
5 Citations (Scopus)


The gastrointestinal tract is a hostile biological environment, yet not all ingested materials are destroyed. The minute differences that determine whether a substance persists or is digested, liberated, adsorbed, excreted, or taken up are still poorly understood. Most attempts to investigate the events occurring during an orogastrointestinal passage rely on simplified in vitro systems where an analyte is exposed to artificial intestinal fluids. To closely mimic the events in the gastrointestinal tract, the exact intestinal fluid composition and the in vivo concentration of its constituents must be known. The widely used lavage procedures, however, dilute the intestinal fluids to an extent that precludes recalculation to the original concentrations. Thus, we developed procedures with which undiluted murine intestinal fluid can be harvested; determined the in vivo concentrations of the digestive enzymes trypsin, chymotrypsin, and elastase and the adsorbents mucin and immunoglobulin A in small intestinal fluid of fasted and unfasted female Balb/c mice; and identified chymotrypsin and immunoglobulin A as valid endogenous dilution markers for the recalculation of aqueous lavages. With these technologies and information at hand, more reliable investigations on the fate of allergens, pathogens, food, and anthropogenic xenobiotics in the gastrointestinal tract will be possible.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)157-165
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 01.11.2010


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