Pupil size and perimetry - A pharmacological model using increment and decrement stimuli

David D. Martin, Reinhard Vonthein, Helmut Wilhelm, Ulrich Schiefer*

*Corresponding author for this work
1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: To assess the influence of natural and pharmacologically induced pupil size fluctuations on differential luminance sensitivity threshold (DLS) using bright (increment) and dark (decrement) stimuli. Methods: Twelve healthy volunteers (20-30 years) were examined under the effect of phenylephrine 2%, dapiprazole 0.5%, and placebo. Pupil size was recorded by infra-red video camera in sessions without and with visual field examination (Tübingen Computer Campimeter). DLS was estimated at 9 locations within the central 20° visual field, using bright and dark 26 min-of-arc-stimuli (10 cd/m2 background, 4-2-1 dB thresholding strategy, four reversals). Results: There were substantial inter-individual differences in pupil size and pupil size fluctuations. Intra-individual differences were small. Independently of medication, pupil size fluctuations were reduced by more than one-third when a subject was undergoing perimetric examination. Pupil size affected DLS on its own (slope 0.21 dB/mm; 95% CI: 0.09-0.33 dB/mm), differently at different stimulus locations, and to a greater extent with increment than with decrement stimuli (slope difference 0.13 dB/mm; 95% CI: 0.00-0.26 dB/mm). Conclusions: Campimetric examinations have a stabilising effect on pupil size fluctuations. Pupil size affects DLS with bright stimuli more than with dark stimuli; in normal young subjects this effect is not relevant for clinical or normative studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1091-1097
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 11.2005


Dive into the research topics of 'Pupil size and perimetry - A pharmacological model using increment and decrement stimuli'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this