In the current retrospective cohort study, the expression of the Proteasome 26S non-ATPase Subunit 9 (PSMD9) was investigated in 102 patients with cervical cancer. The rat homologue of PSMD9, Bridge-1, was identified as a binding protein of the transcription factors PDX-1 and E-12 via its PDZ-domain. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prognostic or predictive value of PSMD9 expression as a biomarker for patients with cervical cancer. Tissue microarrays were constructed from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue specimens of cervical cancer and peritumoral stroma after hysterectomy and a Bridge-1 antibody was used to perform immunohistochemistry. The immunoreactions were analyzed using an immunoreactive score, which evaluated the number of positive cells as well as their intensity of PSMD9 expression. A misinterpretation of statistically significant results after multiple testing was controlled by the false discovery rate correction using the algorithm of Benjamini and Hochberg. All tumor tissues and almost all peritumoral stroma tissues expressed PSMD9. The PSMD9 expression in tumor tissues was significantly higher compared with the peritumoral stroma. PSMD9 expression correlated significantly with the expression of the proliferation marker MIB-1. Patients with stronger PSMD9 expression tended to exhibit a higher odds ratio for the recurrence of the disease in all patients (n=102) as well as in the subgroup of 47 patients having received a combined chemoradiotherapy following hysterectomy. In the group of 62 patients having that received radiotherapy following hysterectomy, which included the chemoradiotherapy patients, a higher PSMD9 expression significantly increased the odds for a recurrence to 1.983-fold even after FDR correction (P=0.0304). In conclusion, PSMD9 was indicated to be overexpressed in tumor tissues and associated with tumor cell proliferation. Therefore, PSMD9 may be useful as a tumor marker. Furthermore, increased PSMD9 overexpression may be used to predict resistance against radiation.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
- Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)